About breast cancer
Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women, although men can get breast cancer too. Women most often discover it when they find a lump on the breast.
Breast cancer - detection
Women should follow a three-point breast cancer detection program including monthly breast self-exam, an annual breast exam by a healthcare professional, and mammography (muh-mah-gra-fee).
Breast cancer - risk factors and warning signs
According to the American Medical Association, one in nine women will develop breast cancer in her lifetime. The earlier breast cancer is found and treated, the better a woman's chances for recovery.
Breast self-examination
Breast cancer is the second most fatal cancer in women. Many of these deaths could be prevented if they had been found early enough. For this reason, physicians recommend that women examine their own breasts on a monthly basis beginning at age 20.
Cancer in women
The American Medical Association recommends regular checkups by your doctor to detect cancer early, when chances of a cure are best. Skin cancer is the most common cancer but can be detected early through self-examination.
Cervical cancer
Cancer of the cervix (sir-vix) is one of the most common cancers in women. There seems to be a connection between cervical cancer and sexual activity at an early age, especially when multiple partners are involved.
Endometrial cancer
The uterus, also known as the womb, is a hollow, pear-shaped organ located in a woman's abdomen, between the bladder and rectum. At the narrow, lower end of the uterus is the cervix.
Mammography (muh-mah-gra-fee) is an X-ray technique used to diagnose and locate abnormalities within the female breasts. If you find a lump in your breast, your doctor may recommend that you have a mammogram.
Mammography and breast implants
Problems with breast implants have been well publicized in recent years as thousands of women have come forward to testify of various complications. Many women have had problems with silicon breast implants rupturing.
A mastectomy (mas-tec-toe-me) is a surgical procedure that removes some or all of a breast in an effort to treat breast cancer. There are three types of mastectomies: standard, modified radical, and radical.
Ovarian cancer
Ovarian cancer is hard to detect because it's usually unnoticeable until it has spread beyond the ovary. The ovaries are part of a woman's reproductive system and are located on each side of the uterus.
Ureteral cancer in women
The ureter (yoo-REE-ter), one of four parts that make up a woman's urinary tract, transports waste produced by the kidneys to the bladder. Warning signs of ureteral cancer in women are blood in the urine, abdominal or localized back pain, weight and appetite loss, anemia, and persistent fever.
Uterine cancer
Uterine cancer, or endometrial cancer as it's also called, is the most common type of cancer found in a woman's reproductive organs. Traditional methods of treating this disease include one or more of the following: surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy and hormone therapy.
Vaginal cancer
Vaginal (vaj-in-al) cancer is more commonly diagnosed in women between the ages of 50 and 70 years old, and in those women whose mother's took the drug, DES, while they were pregnant.
Vulva cancer
The vulva is the external female genital system adjacent to the vagina. It is located under the triangle of hair that covers the midline pubic bone. Vulva cancer usually starts as a small, hard knot on the skin that turns into a raised ulcer.
Women's cancer screening
Women's cancer screening is an essential tool for early cancer detection in all women who otherwise don't have symptoms or don't recognize the symptoms as being related to cancer.
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