Diabetes (die-uh-BEE-tees) research is supported and carried out by a number of U-S institutions, both government and independent. Thanks to these organizations, remarkable advances are being made. For example, scientists are producing new forms of purified insulin; developing external and internal insulin pumps to replace daily injections; discovering new drugs for type 2 diabetes; and refining laser eye surgery techniques to lower the risk of blindness from vascular (VASS-cue-ler) complications. Work continues on finding the cause of diabetes, as researchers examine the possible genetic triggers of type 1 and type 2 diabetes. A few genetic markers for type 1 diabetes have been isolated, allowing doctors to test other members of a patient’s family to determine if they're at risk for the disease. Scientists are also looking into medications that might prevent type 1 diabetes. In addition, they're studying new and better ways to perform a pancreas (PAN-cree-us) transplant, while minimizing organ rejection. Much of the research for type 2 diabetes is centered around prevention. Doctors are trying to pinpoint those at risk for the disease sooner, so they cantake preventive steps as early in life as possible. For more information on diabetes research, speak to your doctor.