Adoption as an alternative
Placing a child for adoption, although difficult, is done for the benefit of the child. There are some women who find themselves pregnant at a time in their lives when they are either not ready or not able to care for a child or additional children.
Adoption costs
The cost of adoptions varies greatly. Typical costs may include pregnancy-related medical expenses, home study fees, court costs, agency fees, the birth mother's attorney's fees, and the adoptive parents' attorney's fees.
Adoptive parent profiles
Many different types of people adopt children. Sometimes the adoptive parents are people who can not have children of their own. Other times they are people who can or do have their own children but would like to provide other children with a loving home.
Adoptive parent screening
Adoptive parents who work with a reputable adoption agency are carefully screened. They are interviewed in order to ensure they have a stable, secure marriage -- one that will welcome an adopted child.
Are support groups available for birth mothers and fathers?
Support groups for birth mothers and fathers are available through various agencies. Ask your adoption agent or attorney about the type of local support services available, and find out if support will be offered both before and after the adoption.
Attorneys and the adoption process
Applications for adoption must adhere to a variety of legal requirements and procedures. An attorney experienced in the field of adoption law will assist the birth parents in many ways during the adoption process.
Differences between a private agency and a public agency
A private agency is a child welfare organization licensed by the state. It operates using fees and donations from adoptive parents and other charitable contributions.
Financial assistance availability
Placing a child for adoption is an emotional process that also incurs expenses. In many cases, part of the birth parents' reason for choosing adoption is due to financial situations not allowing them to provide for the child's needs.
How do I find my biological parents?
The Adoption Information Act has established a process by which a birth parent or parents and the adoptive child may obtain information about one another.
How to begin the adoption process
If you wish to become an adoptive parent, you should contact either an attorney experienced in adoption law or an adoption agency. The process with an attorney, known as an independent adoption, will include a personal interview, completion of an application, discussions of adoption procedures, police record checks, child-abuse registry checks, and a home study.
International adoptions
An international adoption is the adoption of a child who is the citizen of one country by adoptive parents who are citizens of a different country. Generally, for families living in the United States, an international adoption involves the adoption of a child born in another country by U.
Interstate adoption concerns
Interstate adoption concerns can arise in a variety of circumstances. The most common concerns arise when a resident wishes to adopt a person who does not live in his or her state.
Legal aspects of adoption
The adoption process is governed by state law. In most states, the birth mother may be entitled to receive living expenses, medical care, and to choose and meet the adoptive parents.
Placing a child for adoption
A parent or parents seeking to place their child for adoption must decide whether to pursue an agency adoption or an independent adoption. An agency adoption may be carried out through the Department of Human Services or an adoption agency licensed by the state.
Private adoption
Private adoptions occur through the placement of a child for adoption by the child's parents or guardian, rather than through an adoption agency. Petitions for private adoption must be filed in the county where the person wishing to adopt resides, or in the county where the child is located.
Stepparent adoption
Adoptions by stepparents are similar in that the child is related to either the petitioners for adoption or the spouse of a petitioner for adoption. A stepparent adoption involves the adoption of a child who is the biological child of one parent by the spouse of the parent.
The adoption process
The purpose of adoption is to create a legal parent-child relationship between an adoptive parent or parents and a child. This relationship provides the same responsibilities that exist between birth parents and their children.
Types of adoption
There are several different types of adoptions, including international adoption, interstate adoption, agency adoption, step-parent adoption, adoption of children with special needs and independent adoption, which is adoption through an attorney.
Who should I talk to if I am considering adoption?
You may be receiving conflicting advice on adoption from your friends and family or you may not have told anyone you're pregnant or considering adoption.

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