WebMD Health News
Daniel J. DeNoon
Louise Chang, MD
Nov. 23, 2009 - A still experimental erectile dysfunction drug -- avanafil
-- promises erections in just 30 minutes or less, according to study results
announced by the drug's manufacturer.
The phase 3 study, not yet published in a peer-reviewed scientific journal,
included 646 men with erectile dysfunction (ED). At the highest dose tested
(200 milligrams), nearly 80% of sexual attempts resulted in erections good
enough for intercourse.
Study investigator LeRoy Jones, MD, associate professor of urology at the
University of Texas Health Science Center, said the new drug will offer a new
alternative to men seeking "an improved experience" with current erectile
"These data suggesting that avanafil achieves a full effect in 30 minutes or
less, with a window of opportunity extending beyond six hours, would be a
welcome option for ED treatment," Jones said in a news release from Vivus Inc.,
which has licensed the drug from Mitsubishi Tanabe Pharma Corp.
In the study, men received either an inactive placebo or avanafil at a dose
of 50 milligrams, 100 milligrams, or 200 milligrams. Successful intercourse was
Avanafil's most frequent side effect was headache, reported by 7% of men
receiving the drug and by 1.2% of men taking placebo. Other common side effects
included flushing (4.6% of men on avanafil vs. none on placebo) and nasal
congestion (2.3% of men on avanafil vs. 1.2% on placebo).
Avanafil works the same way as the three other ED drugs currently on the
market: Viagra, Cialis, and Levitra. All these drugs target an enzyme called
PDE5; avanafil appears to inhibit this enzyme more selectively than the
A Vivus news release suggests that in addition to working faster than
Viagra, Cialis, and Levitra, the new drug may have fewer side effects.
The current study, dubbed REVIVE, is the first of four phase 3 trials of
avanafil. Two of the other studies will look at how well the drug helps
erectile dysfunction in men with diabetes and in men who have had prostate
surgery. A third study, enrolling 600 men at 40 U.S. medical centers, began in
March 2009 and will continue for one year.
Vivus expects to submit avanafil for FDA approval in late 2010 or early
SOURCES:News release, Vivus Inc.REVIVE (TA-301) Results, slide presentation, released by Vivus Inc., Nov.
18, 2009.Package insert, Viagra.Package insert, Cialis.Package insert, Levitra.
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